A variety of selected team led by scientists to enter the competition to create a healthy useful toilet. Some ideas are being worked on by researchers such as creating a toilet that can produce electricity, fuel, charcoal, clean water, salt and microwave-powered toilets.
A team led by Andrew Cotton of Loughborough University has received £ 250,000 are working to transform human waste into charcoal, safe water and salt. To produce energy from the feces, the team will take advantage of the hydrothermal carbonization of impurities are combined and then burning them. Although research is still in its early stages, but they are sure to make a coal-like material through a process that could sustainable.
Bill Gates through his foundation will provide funding of up to $ 42 million for this competition, having previously been held an international conference in Rwanda, about sanitation and hygiene strategy. The competition will select the best projects and suitable for application in August 2012 for a toilet that is environmentally friendly, easy to use and suitable for the global community, especially relating to financial standards.
So far, no proper sanitation has been convicted of the murder of 1.5 Millions lives a year, through it's diarrhea disease.