Oil spill in the Campos Basin destroys all marine life, environmentalists say

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oil spill in the Campos basin
Animals must die of hunger or by contamination, experts predict.

The oil spill in the Campos basin, off the northern coast of the State of Rio de Janeiro, led to a spot in the sea 162 km ², equivalent to half of the bay. This situation worries environmentalists, who warn of the risk of death of animals.

According to Chevron, the spot, located about 120 km of coastal fields, is moving away from the coast toward Southeast, ie, toward the African continent. The volume of oil accumulated in the area is 521 to 882 barrels - up to 140,000 liters.

According to Aristides Sofiati of UFF (UFF) in Campos, the incident serves to warn of the risks run by the pre-salt. On Wednesday (16), he said he feared that anxiety with the large amount of oil wells in the region causes companies to become less attentive to safety in excavations.

The biologist Mario Moscatelli, of Rio de Janeiro, adds that the environmental tragedy also shows the importance of the State of Rio de Janeiro receive a higher percentage in the payment of oil royalties.

- If the stain to reach the shores of Macae, who will have to pay for the recovery of the coast will not be the government of the North or Northeast of the country, but governments of Rio de Janeiro and Macae.

Moscatelli also questioned the lack of information from agency officials about the accident.

- Only the company is responsible for disseminating information about the leak. It takes the other side. Does the leak is the same size as the officials say it is? Technicians of IBAMA (Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Resources) has been in place?

The press office of IBAMA said that technicians were accompanying the accident and the whole process. On the afternoon of Wednesday, they gathered to assess the progress of work.

The American multinational Chevron, responsible for the Frade field, located 370 km northeast of the coast of Rio, and combating the spill, said the situation is under control and there is no evidence of fluid flows into the well. Still will continue to monitor the area, sealing up the call.

The company has assured that the work was held on Wednesday, despite the bad weather hits the coast of Rio de Janeiro.


The spill has contaminated the well throughout the area, says Sofiati. He regrets that these reflections will be felt for a long time.

- The area will be checked, regardless of the success of cleaning company. The whole food chain is compromised. The animals do not die as a direct consequence of contact with oil, they will starve or forage in another area, leaving the dead region.

Moscatelli remember that whales will be the main victims.

- They are in a period of migration to the South, and if the oil slick is the way, can contact with sick or become disoriented. Either way, they will be affected.

In the case of leakage in the Gulf of Mexico, in July last year, and the amount of oil be higher, the substance was confined within the Gulf. In the Bay Field, the leak was in the open sea, where the oil can be spread as the strength and direction of wind and currents.

The leak was discovered on the night of Wednesday (8). According to the company, he would have been caused by a crack in the ground. Besides the attempt to plug the hole with heavy mud and cement containment buoys try to prevent the displacement of the stain and soak up the oil.

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